Loren W. Acton, Ph.D
Selected Honors, Awards, and Public Outreach/Service:
- Full Member of the International Academy of Astronautics, 1993
- 100 Centennial Alumni, Montana State University, 1993
- NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal, 1993
- Fellow of Am. Assoc. for the Advancement of Science, 1989
- Honorary Doctor of Science from Montana State University, 1988
- Robert E. Gross Award for Technical Excellence, Lockheed Corp, 1988
- National Advisory Board, Museum of the Rockies, Bozeman, MT, 1987
- Spaceflight Achievement award of American Astronautical Society, 1986
- B.S., Engineering Physics, 1959, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT.
- Ph.D., Astro-Geophysics, 1965, University of Colorado. Thesis: X-Radiation of the Sun".
The Sun provides an excellent astrophysical "laboratory" as it is a star like other
stars -- only much closer. In many ways it is a "Rosetta Stone" of astronomy because
what we learn from it provides a key to the understanding of much of cosmic physics.
The sun is also the ultimate source of all of the life-giving energy on earth. The
variability and activity of this star are responsible for terrestrial effects from
the northern lights to climatic change. These matters are important for us to understand.
Dr. Acton oversees the solar physics group, which carries on an active research program under NASA support. They are actively involved in day-to-day operation and scientific utilization of the Japan/US/UK Yohkoh mission for studies of high-energy solar physics. This satellite carries a solar x-ray telescope, prepared under the leadership of Dr. Acton, for the study of high-energy processes, such as solar flares, on the sun. The primary emission of the extremely hot outer atmosphere of the sun, the solar corona, is at x-ray wavelengths and the extended duration, high resolution x-ray imagery from Yohkoh are being analyzed in an effort to learn why the sun has a corona at all and why it varies in intensity so strongly in response to the 11 year sunspot cycle.
Dr. Acton is also a co-investigator on the NASA Transition Region and Coronal Explorer (TRACE) mission which is scheduled for launch in 1997. This battery of 4 ultraviolet telescopes will provide new and detailed observations of the thin and dynamic interface region at the base of the corona. This region is also the source of much of the ionizing radiation that determines the properties of the upper atmosphere of the earth such as the ionosphere and ozone layer.
- "Super-X: A Soft X-ray Telescope for Solar-B" - Loren Acton, Jay Bookbinder, Marilyn
Bruner, Leon Golub, James Lemen. Published as Part of the SPIE Conference on Missions
to the Sun II, San Diego, California, July 1998.
- "Nitric Oxide Abundance in the Mesosphere/Lower Thermosphere Region: Roles of Solar
Soft X Rays, Suprathermal N(4S) Atoms, and Vertical Transport", P. K. Swaminathan,
D. F. Strobel, D. G. Kupperman, C. Krishna Kumar, L. Acton, R. DeMajistre, J. -H.
Yee, L. Paxton, D. E. Anderson and D. J. Strickland, accepted by JGR(Space Physics),
- "The Nature of the Heating Mechanism for the Diffuse Corona", E.R. Priest, T. D. Arber,
C. A. Foley, J. Heyvaerts, J. L. Culhane and L. W. Acton, submitted to Nature (1997).
- "Yohkoh Soft X-ray Determination of Plasma Parameters in a Polar Coronal Hole", C.
A. Foley, J. L. Culhane, and L. W. Acton, ApJ, in press for the December 20, 1997,
- "X-ray network flares of the quiet sun", S. Krucker, A. O. Benz, T. S. Bastian, and
L. W. Acton, accepted for publication in ApJ, 1997.
- "Fine Structure of the X-ray and Radio Emissions of the Quiet Solar Corona", A. O.
Benz, S. Krucker, L. W. Acton, and T. S. Bastian, Astron. & Astrophys., 320, 993-1000,
- "Coronal Heating and the Vertical Temperature Structure of the Quiet Corona", M. S.
Wheatland, P. A. Sturrock, and L. W. Acton, submitted to Astrophys. J. (Sept 1996).
- "Comparison of Yohkoh X-ray and Other Solar Activity Parameters for November 1991
to November 1995," L.W. Acton, Proc. of Ninth Coostar Workshop, Florence, Italy, 3-6
October 1995 (1996) Preprint
- "Coronal Structures, Local and Global," L.W. Acton, Proc. IAU Colloquium 153 on Magnetodynamic Phenomena in the Solar Atmosphere -- Prototypes of Stellar Magnetic Activity, Y. Uchida, H. Hudson, T. Kosugi, eds., Kluwer, pp 1-12 (1996)